Yours looks similar to mine. I did not update my kicad for nearly a year now. (stupid fedora gets no new nightlies.)
If you look under /usr/share/kicad/library/ you will find that there are a lot more libraries than the 29 that are in the standard template. If you want to use all libs that are supplied with your kicad version you either have to add them to the template or add them to every project you create by hand.
Sadly yes. And i fear this will not change until we get the new library format where we will have a symbol library table similar to the footprint library table within the users personal profile.